While employers are allowed to withhold taxes, Social Security contributions, and your share of certain benefits from your paycheck, they cannot make deductions prohibited by law. You could have a claim for improper paycheck deductions if your employer has made any of the following prohibited deductions:
- Deducting money from your paycheck to cover a cash shortage, breakage, or “shrinkage” (theft or shoplifting);
- Making deductions for unidentified returns from commission sales;
- Reducing the bonus paid to you (if you are a manager) to cover losses in another department or division;
- Taking back a commission (if you are a salesperson) because a customer has defaulted on a payment installment;
- Charging employees for lost keys, tools, supplies or other company materials;
- Deducting any amount at all from a tip left for an employee; or,
- Deducting the cost of work-related expenses for items provided by the employer, including a required photograph, bond, uniform, work-related expenses or any pre-employment physical or medical examination that is a condition for employment.
If you believe that your employer has attempted to make you pay for business expenses that are by law properly the employer’s responsibility you could have a claim.